Saint Jerome - by BAROCCI, Federico Fiori - from Galleria Borghese, Rome.
In this Painting, Saint Jerome (Doctor-of the Latin Church, and Father-of Biblical Science ) is depicted Translating/Writing the Latin-Vulgate Catholic Bible, in the Holy Solitude-of the Stable/Grotto-of-Bethlehem. He is Beating his Chest in-Penitential Prayer, in-front of a Crucifix, in Contemplation-with Jesus Christ the Supernatural Source of all Knowledge, Grace and Love. The Candlelight is a Symbolic Visualization-of the "Lux Intellecti", a Metaphor-for Divine Grace, discussed by Saint Augustine. Recent Restoration has revealed a Lion, Lurking-in the Background. The Lion is Symbolic-of Satan, who Unsuccessfully Attempts to-cause Saint Jerome to-Err, in his Writings.
When we Pray, we speak-to God;
but when we Read, God speaks-to us.
In Prayer, God hears our Petitions,
but in Reading, we listen-to His Voice.
Spiritual Reading and Prayer are the Arms by which
Hell is Conquered, and Paradise Won.