Rite of Christian Initiation for Adults
The process by which adults become Catholic.
The Catholic Church invites you to come and see!
Are you interested in learning more about the
unbaptized, but recognize a need for spirituality in your life?
baptized Catholic or baptized into another religion, but never
received any formal religious education?
Are you married to a
Catholic and attend Mass, but don't know what the
next step is to become one of the Catholic faithful?
Are you yearning for something more in your life?
Maybe you have been looking for enrichment in your life in
all the wrong places!
Rite of Christian Initiation for Adults (RCIA)
place for you. Every year adults are welcomed into the Catholic Community through
is a learning and loving process in which conversion of the heart brings you to
Christ who is our Lord and Savior. "Come to
Me, all you who are weary and find
life burdensome, and I will refresh you. Take My yoke upon your shoulders and learn from
Me, for I am gentle and humble of heart. Your souls will find rest, for
is easy and My burden light."
How Does One Become a Catholic?
Most members of the Roman Catholic Church are baptized as infants. They
grow up in Catholic homes, receive formal religious education and gradually come to share
in the full sacramental life of the Church.
Others -- those who were previously baptized in other Christian traditions
-- become Catholics after making a solemn profession of faith, receiving Communion and
sharing Eucharist with the Catholic community.
And still others -- those who were not previously baptized -- become
Catholic Christians through a process called Christian initiation (or catechumenate),
which includes the sacraments of Baptism, Confirmation and Eucharist. For these people,
the sacraments of initiation usually take place at Easter or at a time when the readiness
of these people is determined.
The Catholic Church warmly welcomes new members and tries to provide an
appropriate spiritual formation according to each person's needs. Through the
catechumenate, the Church encourages an ongoing conversion to Jesus Christ and the reign
of God he proclaimed. The catechumenate provides a structure for the proclamation of the
Gospel; catechesis (passing on the teaching of the Church); public and private prayer;
spiritual direction; the observance of the Feasts, Fasts, Sundays and Seasons of the
church calendar; direct contact with members of the parish community and participation in
the work of the Church for justice and peace.
The Church wants to share its life with new members and offer them support
and encouragement. The parish provides sponsors who can serve as spiritual companions for
those who desire to become members of the Catholic Church.
Through the various rites of the catechumenate, the Church marks a
person's journey to full membership. These rites reflect his or her spiritual growth and
the community's loving concern.
How Does Christian Initiation Take Place?
Each parish is responsible for the formation of prospective members. This
formation is guided by the needs of those who seek membership, the resources in the local
community and the norms of the Catholic Church. All parishes of a diocese are united
through the ministry of the bishop who, as chief pastor, is responsible for the initiation
of new Catholic Christians. The bishop's role is clearly seen when he meets the
catechumens for the rite of election, at the beginning of Lent. The liturgy, ordinarily
celebrated in the cathedral church, beautifully demonstrates the diversity and unity of
the Church into which new members are initiated. This and other liturgies lead to the goal
of Christian initiation: ongoing participation in the full eucharistic life and mission of
The Order of Christian Initiation
Period of Inquiry
This is a time of introduction to the Gospel of Jesus Christ and of reflection on one's
own life in the light of the values of the reign of God. It is an unstructured time of no
fixed duration for questions and an opportunity for the beginnings of Christian faith.
Acceptance into the Order of Catechumens
Those who profess their faith in Jesus Christ and sincerely desire to enter the
church-celebrate with the worshiping assembly, begin their journey of faith. They accept
the way of Jesus, receive the sign of the Cross of Christ and join in the liturgy of the
Word of God.
Period of the Catechumenate
Along with their sponsors for the journey, catechumens celebrate the liturgy of the
word each Sunday, receive anointings, participate in prayers of faith and blessing and
take part in the mission of the Church to the world. During these months or years in the
catechumenate, catechumens discover the love and power of God in their lives and in the
Election or Enrollment of Names
This is the liturgical rite, usually celebrated on the First Sunday of Lent in the
cathedral of the dioceses, during which the bishop formally acknowledges the readiness of
the catechumens and calls them to the sacraments of initiation. Catechumens -- the elect
-- respond by expressing their desire for these sacraments.
Period of Purification and Enlightenment
Usually during the Lenten season preceding the celebration of initiation at the Easter
Vigil, there is a time of intense immediate preparation. Centered on the word of God,
Creed, Lord's Prayer and evangelical scrutinies, catechumens -- the elect -- experience
the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ in their own lives.
Sacraments of Initiation
Catechunens -- the elect -- celebrate initiation in the threefold sacrament of Baptism,
Confirmation and Eucharist, ordinarily at the Easter Vigil. The waters of Baptism put to
death the old person of sin and give birth to the new person in Christ. Anointing with
Sacred Chrism seals and strengthens the newly-baptized Christian. Faithful and active
participation at the Eucharist table of the Lord as apostles and witnesses is the goal of
Christian initiation and constitutes full membership in the Church.
Period of Mystagogy
Mystagogy is the 50 day Eastertime following the celebration of Christian initiation.
Newly baptized persons receive sacramental catechesis and participate fully with the
faithful in the eucharistic life and in the mission of the Church for justice and peace. A
program of Christian formation and incorporation into the full life of the Christian
community assists the newly baptized persons until their anniversary of initiation. This
period reminds everyone that growth in faith is ongoing and lifelong.
Catechumen or Candidate?
Christian initiation, or catechumenate, is the way the Church helps an unbaptized
person prepare for and reflect on Baptism, Confirmation and Eucharist. A person in the
catechumenate process is called a catechumen.
When one speaks of a baptized person from a Protestant tradition, for example, who is
preparing for reception into full communion in the Roman tradition, one is speaking of a
different matter. A baptized person should not be led automatically through the full
catechumenal process or be called a catechumen. Instead, we call him or her a
Frequently candidates for full communion in the Catholic Church find certain elements
of the catechumenate helpful in their preparation. For example, the focus on continuing
conversion is appropriate for any Christian, especially at a time of transition. An
understanding of Catholic beliefs, the practice of Catholic observances in the Church year
over an appropriate period of time and the experience of Catholic community are all
necessary for an informed commitment that will last.
Since candidates are already baptized, the liturgical rites that mark the steps of the
formation process are different from those of catechumens. There are rites of welcoming by
the parish community and recognition by the bishop, a celebration of the call to
continuing conversion and a penitential rite. Reception into full communion in the
Catholic Church takes place with the profession of faith, Confirmation and Eucharist.
How Long Does It Take?
Christian initiation is not a program. It is the Church's way of ministering
sensitively to those who seek membership. For that reason, some people will need more time
than others to prepare for the lifetime commitment that comes with membership in the
Catholic Church. The usual length of preparation is from one to two years. For those
already baptized who seek full communion in the Catholic Church, the time may also vary.
It seems reasonable that catechumens or candidates experience the yearly calendar of
Catholic practices at least one time around before they are initiated. The process of
spiritual renewal and catechesis should not be hasty, especially for those not accustomed
to the Feasts and Seasons, Rites and Fasts the way Catholics observe them.
One of the better times for the sacraments of initiation is the Easter Vigil. It can
also be a good time to celebrate the rite of reception into full communion with the Roman
Catholic Church.The celebration of the Easter Vigil dramatically points to the wellspring
of the church's life: the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ.
What is the First Step?
Anyone who is seriously thinking about becoming a Catholic Christian or would simply
like more information can contact the nearest Catholic parish. Ordinarily, meeting with
the pastor or a minister of the catechumenate would be the first step in the journey
toward becoming a Catholic.
Historic Catholic Converts
This next section contains links to a series of
nineteen (19) talks by
Connor, PhD. He views conversion to the Catholic Faith as a Testimonial to God's Grace.
Those considering conversion to the Catholic Faith will gain insight and moral support by
listening to the spiritual journeys of those who have proceeded them in converting
(Requires RealPlayer 7 Basic).
Elizabeth Bayley Seton (Mother
Seton): Elizabeth Seton was the first native born American saint. After the
untimely death of her husband William, she befriended some Catholic neighbors. She
converted to Catholicism after witnessing these friends' devotion while receiving the Holy
Eucharist. After converting to Catholicism, she went on to found the American Sisters of
Charity and began the first Parochial school in the United States.
The Oxford Movement:
The Oxford Movement began in the 1830's and was championed by John Henry Cardinal Newman.
The Movement was begun by Anglican theologians who attempted to trace the Apostolic
succession from Peter to the existing Anglican High Church. The more they studied, the
more these theologians realized that they were unable to do this. These people began to
examine the Anglican faith and found that it lacked the full deposit of faith found only
in the Catholic Church.
John Henry Newman:
John Henry Cardinal Newman saw in the Oxford Movement the opportunity to fight against
"liberalism" in religion. This liberal thought was teaching that there was no
truth; that we are not more acceptable to God by believing this or that; that our merit
lies in seeking, not in possessing; that belief belongs only to the intellect and not to
the heart as well. As Newman studied the early Church Fathers he came to understand that
the Catholic Church was the only church that contained the complete deposit of faith that
had been passed down from Christ to the Apostles and their successors.
Rose Hawthorne Lathrop:
Daughter of famous American author, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Rose converted to Catholicism and
began the "Hawthorne Dominican" sisters. Her order was the first to provide
hospice care and spiritual ministry for those diagnosed with terminal cancer.
Cornelia Peacock Connelly:
After their conversion to Catholicism, Cornelia Peacock Connelly and her husband
separated, and while he went on to join the priesthood and then leave it, she became and
remained a nun. She began an order called the Sisters of the Holy Child.
Ignatius Spenser and
Fidelis Kent Stone
Orestes Brownson and I.
Robert Benson and C.C.
Gilbert Keith Chesterton
French and British
Monsignor Ronald Knox
Converts of Fulton J.
Edith Stein (Part 1)
Edith Stein (Part 2)
American and European