Various Practices of Devotion
in Honor of the Divine Mother;
of Fasting


Madonna with the Serpent - by Caravaggio - from Galleria Borghese, Rome

Under the Watchful Gaze of Saint Anne, Jesus' Apocryphal Grandmother, Mary Helps a naked Christ Child to 'Tread' on a Snake. The Snake may be Interpreted as Satan, and indirectly as Heresy. Mary and Jesus are Free-of-Sin, and its Consequences. Mary is the Virgin Mother, and by-reason-of her Immaculate Conception, Jesus is God-made-Man. They 'Combine' to 'Crush' the Serpent under their Feet. { Genesis 3:15 - I will put Enmities between thee and the woman, and thy seed and her Seed: she shall Crush thy head, and thou shalt Lie-in wait, for her Heel }

 

Mary's Clients are careful to Honor her
on-Saturday, by some particular Devotion,
and especially by 'Fasting'

 

Various Practices of Devotion
in Honor of the Divine Mother;
of Fasting

by Saint Alphonsus de Liguori

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Saint Jerome, Fasting in the Wilderness - by DÜRER, Albrecht -
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

The Stone in Jerome's Right Hand, 'Serves' to Penitently 'Strike' his Breast. Saint Jerome, is one of the most Learned Fathers of the Church, and Author of the Latin Vulgate Bible. He was constantly 'Tempted' by Satan, Depicted here as a Lion, to Err in Translation of the Vulgate Bible from Greek and Hebrew, into Latin. He died in 420. Jerome was one of the favorite Saints of Dürer's time, but, curiously, Martin Luther was less-than-fond of Jerome. "I know of no one among the Teachers, whom I Bear as much Enmity, as Saint Jerome, for he speaks only of Fasting, Virginity, etc." Virtue and Penitence were evidently not Luther's favorite Subjects. Mary and her Clients remain "Constant in Faith", whereas Luther's Faith 'Failed'.

 

There are many Devout Clients of Mary who, to 'Honor' her, 'Fast' on Bread-and-Water on Saturdays, and the Vigils-of her Feasts. It is well-known that Saturday is 'Dedicated' by the Holy Church to Mary, because, as Saint-Bernard says, on that Day, the Day after the Death of her Son, she 'Remained' constant-in Faith. Therefore, Mary's Clients are Careful to 'Honor' her on that Day, by some particular Devotion, and especially by 'Fasting' on Bread and Water, as did Saint-Charles-Borromeo, Cardinal-Tolet, and so many others. Nittardo, Bishop-of-Bamberg, and Father-Joseph-Arriaga, of the Society-of-Jesus, took no food at all on that day. The Great Graces which the Mother of God has 'Dispensed' to those who do this, are 'Recorded' by Father-Auriemma in his Little Work. Let One (1) Example 'Suffice'; it is that of a famous Captain-of-Brigands, who, on-account-of this Devotion, was 'Preserved'-in-Life, after his Head was Cut-off, and thus was 'Enabled' to 'Make' his Confession; for the Unfortunate Creature was in a State-of-Sin. After Confession he declared that, on-account-of this Devotion, the Blessed Virgin had 'Obtained' him so-Great a Grace, and Immediately 'Expired'. It would not, then, be anything very Great, for a Person who 'Pretends' to be Devout to Mary, and particularly for one who has perhaps already 'Deserved' Hell, to 'Offer' her this Fast on Saturdays. I 'Affirm' that those who 'Practice' this Devotion can hardly be Lost; not that I mean to-Say that if they 'Die' in Mortal Sin, the Blessed Virgin will 'Deliver' them by a Miracle, as she did this Bandit; these are Prodigies-of Divine Mercy which very-Rarely 'Occur', and it would be the Height-of-Folly, to Expect Eternal Salvation by such Means; but I say, that for those who 'Practice' this Devotion, the Divine Mother will 'Make' Perseverance in God's Grace easy, and 'Obtain' them a Good Death. All the Members of our little Congregation (Redemptorist), who are able to do so, 'Practice' this Devotion. I say "those who are able to do so", for if our Health does not 'Permit' it, at least we should on-Saturdays, 'Content' ourselves with One (1) Dish, or 'Observe' an Ordinary Fast, or 'Abstain' from Fruit, or something for which we have a 'Relish'. On Saturdays we should always 'Practice' some Devotion on-Honor-of our Blessed Lady, 'Receive' the Holy Communion, or at least 'Hear' Mass, 'Visit' an Image of Mary, 'Wear' a Hair-Cloth, or something of that sort. But on the Vigils-of her Seven (7) Principal Festivals, at all Events, her Clients should 'Offer' her this Fast, either on Bread-and-Water, or otherwise as best they can.