Various Practices of Devotion
in Honor of the Divine Mother;
of the Rosary and Office
of our Blessed Lady
by Saint Alphonsus de Liguori
It is well known that the Devotion-of the most Holy Rosary was Revealed-to Saint-Dominic by the
Divine Mother herself, at a Time when the Saint was in
Affliction, and 'Bewailing', with his Sovereign Lady,
over the Albigensian Heretics, who were at that Time, doing Great
Mischief to the Church. The Blessed Virgin said to him, "This
Land will always be Sterile, until Rain Falls-on it". Saint-Dominic was then Given-to Understand that this Rain was the
Devotion-of-the-Rosary, which he was to 'Propagate'. This the Saint indeed did, and it was 'Embraced' by all
Catholics; so-much-so that, even to the Present Day, there is no Devotion so generally 'Practiced' by the
Faithful of all Classes, as-that-of the Rosary. What is there that Modern Heretics,
Calvin, Bucer, and others, have not said, to 'Throw' Discredit on the use-of
Beads? But the Immense Good, which this Noble Devotion has done to the World, is well known.
How many, by its Means, have been 'Delivered'-from Sin! how many Led-to a
Holy Life! how many to a Good Death, and are now
Saved! To be Convinced-of this, we need only to 'Read' the many Books, which 'Treat' on the Subject. Suffice it to know, that this
Devotion has been Approved-of by the Church, and that the Sovereign Pontiffs have 'Enriched'
it with Indulgences. The following are the Principle Indulgences
which may be 'Gained' by those who use Beads, to which the Bridgetine Indulgences have been 'Attached':
A Hundred (100) Days Indulgence, for every "Our Father", "Hail Mary", and
"Creed". - Leo X, July 10, 1815.
For 'Reciting' the Whole Rosary of Fifteen (15) Decades, besides the above
Indulgences, One of Seven (7) Years, Seven (7)
If the Rosary is said with another Person or Persons, the same Indulgence may be 'Gained'.
Those who 'Say' at least Five (5) Decades of the Rosary, every Day for a
Year can 'Gain', on a Day at their own Choice, a Plenary Indulgence, provided that, Truly
'Contrite'-for their Sins, they 'Approach' the Holy Sacraments of
Penance and Eucharist, and Pray for the Welfare-of the
Church - Clement XI, Sept 22, 1714.
Those who 'Say' at least Five (5) Decades of the Rosary Once-a-Week, can 'Gain' a
Plenary Indulgence on the Feast-of Saint-Bridget (8th of October),
on-condition-that they 'Approach' the Holy Sacraments of Penance and
Eucharist, and in their Parish Church, or some other Church, Pray as above. Benedict XIV,
Jan 15, 1743.
Those who are in the Habit of 'Saying' the Rosary as above can, in the Article-of Death,
having 'Confessed' and 'Received' the
Holy Communion, 'Gain' a Plenary Indulgence by 'Pronouncing' the
Holy-Name-of-Jesus, with Sorrow for their Sins, at least Mentally, if they are
unable to do so with their Lips. - Ibid
Those who 'Say' the Rosary, as above, every Day for a Month, can, on a Day at their Choice
within the Month, 'Gain' a Plenary Indulgence by Going-to Confession and
Communion, 'Visiting' a Church, and Praying as above. - Ibid
Those who have the Rosary with them, and, Contrite for their
Sins, 'Examine' their Consciences, and 'Say' an "Our Father" and Three (3)
"Hail Marys", 'Gain' an Indulgence of Twenty (20) Days. - Ibid
Those who have the Rosary with them, and 'Hear' Mass on any Day, 'Hear' a Sermon, or 'Accompany'
the Viaticum to a Sick Person, 'Convert' a Sinner, or
'Perform' any Act of Piety in-Honor-of our Lord Jesus Christ, or of the
Blessed Virgin Mary, or of Saint-Bridget, and say Three (3) "Our Fathers" and
"Hail Marys", 'Gain' an Indulgence of a Hundred (100) Days. - Ibid
Nota Bene - All the above Indulgences are
Applicable-to the Souls in Purgatory
Normal Conditions for Plenary Indulgence
To 'Gain' Indulgences, whether Plenary or
Partial, it is necessary that the Faithful be in the
State-of-Grace, at least at the Time the Indulgenced Work
is 'Completed'. [i.e. One must be a Catholic, not Excommunicated or in
A Plenary Indulgence can be 'Gained' only Once a Day. In-order-to 'Obtain'
it, the Faithful must, in addition to Being-in the
Have the Interior Disposition of Complete Detachment-from Sin, even Venial Sin;
Have Sacramentally Confessed their Sins;
Receive the Holy Eucharist (it is certainly better to Receive it while Participating in Holy
Mass, but for the Indulgence only Holy Communion is Required);
Pray for the Intentions-of the Supreme-Pontiff.
It is Appropriate, but not Necessary, that the Sacramental Confession and especially
Holy Communion and the Prayer for the Pope's Intentions, take place on the same day that the
Indulgenced Work is 'Performed'; but it is sufficient that these Sacred Rites and
Prayers be 'Carried' out within Several Days
(about 20) before-or-after the Indulgenced Act.
Prayer for the Pope's Intentions is left-to the Choice of the Faithful, but an
"Our Father" and a "Hail Mary" are suggested.
One Sacramental Confession suffices-for
Several Plenary Indulgences, but a Separate Holy Communion and a Separate
Prayer for the Holy Father's Intentions, are Required for each Plenary
Very many other Indulgences have been 'Granted' to this Devotion by various Pontiffs;
it would therefore be Well for All to have the Intention to 'Gain' all the Indulgences which have been 'Granted'. The Beads must
have had the Indulgences of Saint-Bridget 'Annexed' to them by a Priest who has 'Received' the Power to do
so. Only the First (1st) Person who Uses them after the Blessing, can 'Gain' the
Indulgences. If the Beads are 'Given'-away after they have been once Used, they must be Blessed again.
It is also Necessary to Meditate during the 'Recitation' of the Rosary, on the
Mysteries which may be Found in almost all Prayer Books; but it is Sufficient for those who do not Know them, to 'Meditate' upon
any One of the Mysteries of the Passion of
Jesus Christ, His Scourging,
Death, etc. The Rosary should also be said with Devotion; and here we may Call-to-Mind
what the Blessed Virgin said to Saint-Eulalia, "that she was better Pleased with
Five Decades said Slowly and Devoutly, than with Fifteen said in a Hurry and with Little Devotion". It is, therefore, well to 'Say' the
Rosary 'Kneeling', before an Image of Mary; and, before each Decade, to make an
Act-of-Love to Jesus and Mary, and 'Ask' them for some Particular
Grace. It is also Preferable to 'Say' it with others, rather than alone.
As to the Little Office of the Blessed Virgin, which is said to have been 'Composed' by
Saint-Peter-Damian, Pius V 'Granted' Indulgences to those who 'Recited' it,
and the Blessed Virgin has many times shown how Acceptable this Devotion is to
her, as may be seen in Father-Auriemma's little-Work. She is also
much-Pleased with the Litany-of-Loretto, for Reciting which there is an Indulgence of Three Hundred (300)
Days each time; and for those who say it every day, a Plenary Indulgence on
Mary's Five (5) Principle Festivals: the Immaculate Conception,
Nativity, Annunciation, Purification, and
Assumption, on the Usual Conditions. The Hymn, "Hail Star of the Sea", is also very Pleasing to
Mary; she 'Desired' Saint-Bridget to say it every Day; but still more, is
she Pleased-with the "Magnificat", for we then 'Praise' her in the very Words in which
she herself 'Praised' God.