Various Practices of Devotion
in Honor of the Divine Mother;
of the "Hail Mary"

Madonna del Rosario - by CARAVAGGIO - from Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna

Saint Dominic and his Friars, 'Spread' the Devotion-of the Rosary; and here the Madonna, as Queen-of-Heaven, 'Issues' Orders to the Saint, at her Right, who 'Clutches' a Rosary, and the Dominican Saint Peter Martyr, at her Left. Beside Saint Peter Martyr 'Stands' the most famous of Dominican Theologians, Saint Thomas Aquinas.  Madonna, Child, and Saints, 'Form' a Heavenly Triangle, concealed-from the Classically Costumed Suppliants, at the Front, who Kneel in Prayer, with Arms Outstretched-to Saint Dominic.


Salute her with the Angelical Salutation ("Hail Mary");
for she indeed 'Hears' this Sound, with Pleasure

Thomas Kempis

Luke 1:28 - And the Angel being come in, said unto her: Hail, Full-of Grace,
the Lord is with thee: Blessed art thou among women.

Luke 1:42 - Blessed art thou among women, and Blessed is the Fruit of thy Womb.

The Hail Mary

Hail Mary,
Full of Grace,
The Lord is with thee.
Blessed art thou among women,
and Blessed is the Fruit
of thy Womb, Jesus.

Holy Mary,
Mother of God,
pray for us Sinners, now,
and at the Hour of Death.



Various Practices of Devotion
in Honor of the Divine Mother;
of the "Hail Mary"

by Saint Alphonsus de Liguori

angelbar.gif (3645 bytes)

Luke 1:28 - And the Angel being come in, said unto her: Hail, Full-of Grace, the Lord is with thee: Blessed art thou among women.

This Angelical-Salutation is the most-Pleasing to the Ever-Blessed Virgin; for, whenever she 'Hears' it, it would seem as if the Joy which she 'Experienced', when Saint Gabriel 'Announced' to her that she was the 'Chosen' Mother-of-God, was 'Renewed' in her; and with this Object in-View, we should often 'Salute' her with the "Hail Mary". "Salute her", says Thomas--Kempis, "with the Angelical Salutation; for she indeed Hears this Sound, with Pleasure". The Divine Mother herself told Saint-Matilda that no one could 'Salute' her in a Manner more-Agreeable to herself, than with the "Hail Mary". He who 'Salutes' Mary, will also be 'Saluted' by her. Saint-Bernard once 'Heard' a Statue-of the Blessed Virgin 'Salute' him, saying, "Hail Bernard". Mary's Salutation, says Saint Bonaventure, will Always be some Grace Corresponding-with the Wants of him who 'Salutes' her: "She Willingly Salutes us with Grace, if we Willingly 'Salute' her with a Hail Mary". Richard-of-Saint-Lawrence adds, "that if we Address the Mother of our Lord, saying, 'Hail Mary'", she cannot Refuse the Grace which we 'Ask'. Mary herself 'Promised' Saint-Gertrude as many Graces at Death, as she should have said "Hail Marys". Blessed-Alan 'Asserts', "that as all Heaven 'Rejoices' when the 'Hail Mary' is said, so also do the Devils 'Tremble' and take Flight". This, Thomas--Kempis 'Affirms' on his own Experience; for he says, that once the Devil 'Appeared' to him, and Instantly 'Fled', on 'Hearing' the "Hail Mary".

To 'Practice' this Devotion:

We can, every Morning and Evening, on Getting-up, and Going-to Bed, say Three (3) "Hail Marys" 'Prostrate', or at-least 'Kneeling'; and Add to-each "Ave", this Short Prayer:

O Mary, by thy Pure and Immaculate Conception,
'Make' my-Body Pure, and my-Soul Holy.

We should then, as Saint-Stanislaus always did, 'Ask' Mary's Blessing as our Mother; 'Place' ourselves under the Mantle-of her Protection, 'Beseeching' her to 'Guard' us during the 'Coming' Day or Night, from Sin. For this Purpose, it is very Advisable to have a Beautiful Picture or Image of the Blessed Virgin.


We can say the "Angelus", with the usual Three (3) "Hail Marys", in the Morning, at mid-Day, and in the Evening. Pope-John-XXII was the First to 'Grant' an Indulgence for this Devotion; it was on the following-Occasion, as Father-Crasset 'Relates' it: A Criminal was Condemned to be Burned-Alive, on the Vigil-of the Annunciation-of the Mother-of-God; he 'Saluted' her with a "Hail Mary", and in the Midst-of the Flames, he, and even his Clothes, remained Uninjured. Benedict-XIII, afterwards 'Granted' a Hundred (100) Day's Indulgences, to all who 'Recite' it, and a Plenary Indulgence, Once-a-Month, to those who during-that-Time, have Recited it Daily as above, on-condition-of 'Going'-to Confession, and 'Receiving' the Holy Communion, and Praying for the Usual Intentions. Father-Crasset says that Clement-X 'Granted' other Indulgences to those who, at the End-of each "Hail Mary", add "Thanks be to God and to Mary". Formerly, at the Sound-of the Bell, all Knelt-down to Say the "Angelus", but in the Present-Day, there are some who are Ashamed to do so; Saint-Charles-Borromeo was not Ashamed to do so; Saint-Charles-Borromeo was not Ashamed to Get-out-of his Carriage, or Get-off his Horse, to say it in the Street; and even sometimes in the Mud. It is 'Related' that there was a Slothful Religious, who Neglected to Kneel-at the Sound-of the Angelus Bell; he saw the Belfry 'Bow'-down Three (3) Times, and a Voice said, "Behold, wilt thou not do-that, which even Inanimate Creatures do"? Here we must 'Remark' that Benedict-XIV directed that in Paschal Time, instead of saying the "Angelus", we should say the "Regina Coeli"; and that on Saturday-Evenings, and the Whole-of-Sunday, the "Angelus" should be said 'Standing'.

We can 'Salute' the Mother-of-God with a "Hail Mary", every-time we 'Hear' the Clock Strike. Blessed-Alphonsus-Rodriguez 'Saluted' her every Hour; and at-Night, if the Hour had 'Passed' without his doing so, Angels 'Awoke' him, that he might not Omit this Devotion.

In Going-out and Returning-to the House, we can 'Salute' the Blessed Virgin with a "Hail Mary", that both Out-of-doors and In, she may 'Guard' us from all Sin; and we should each-time 'Kiss' her Feet, as the Carthusian-Fathers always do.

We should Reverence every Image-of Mary which we 'Pass', with a "Hail Mary". For this Purpose, those who can do so, would do-well-to place a Beautiful Image of the Blessed Virgin on the Wall of their Houses, that it may be Venerated by those who 'Pass'. In Naples, and still-more in Rome, there are most-Beautiful Images-of our Blessed Lady, 'Placed'-along the Waysides, by her Devout Clients.

By Command-of the Holy Church, all the Canonical Hours are Preceded-by, and Concluded-with a "Hail Mary"; we should therefore do well to 'Begin' and 'End' all our Actions with a "Hail Mary". I say all our Actions, whether Spiritual, such as Prayer, Confession and Communion, Spiritual Reading, Hearing Sermons, and such-like; or Temporal, such as Study, Giving Advice, Working, Going to-Table, to-Bed, etc. Happy are those Actions which are 'Enclosed'-between Two (2) "Hail Marys". So also should we do, on-Waking in the Morning, on-Closing our Eyes to-Sleep, in every Temptation, in every Danger, in every 'Inclination' to Anger, and such-like; on these Occasions, we should always 'Say' a "Hail Mary". My Dear Reader, do this, and you will see the Immense Advantage that you will 'Derive' from it. Remember also that for every "Hail Mary", there is an Indulgence of Twenty (20) Days. Father-Auriemma 'Relates' that the Blessed Virgin 'Promised' Saint-Matilda a Happy Death, if she every-Day 'Recited' Three (3) "Hail Marys in-honor-of her Power, Wisdom, and Goodness. Moreover, she herself told Saint-Jane-de-Chantal, that the "Hail Mary" was Most Acceptable-to her, and especially when 'Recited' Ten (10) Times in-honor-of her Ten (10) Virtues.

Prayer of the Ten Virtues
This Prayer, contained in the Rule-of the Ten-Virtues of the Blessed-Virgin-Mary, has been Passed-on by Tradition, in the Marian Order.

First of all, we make the Sign-of-the-Cross,
Then we 'Recite' One (1) "Our Father",
Followed-by Ten (10) "Hail Marys", 'Mentioning' after the Words "Holy Mary, Mother of God", One (1) Virtue, in the following Order:

1. Most Pure,
2. Most Prudent,
3. Most Humble,
4. Most Faithful,
5. Most Devout,
6. Most Obedient,
7. Most Poor,
8. Most Patient,
9. Most Merciful,
10. Most Sorrowful,

"Pray for us Sinners, Now and at the Hour of our Death."

V. Glory to the Father and to the Son and to the Holy Spirit.
R. As it was in the Beginning, is Now and will be Forever. Amen.

V. In Your Conception, O Virgin Mary, You were Immaculate.
R. Pray for us to the Father, Whose Son, Jesus, you Brought-forth into the World.

Let us Pray:

Father, you Prepared the Virgin Mary to be the Worthy Mother of Your Son. You let her Share beforehand in the Salvation, Christ would bring by his Death, and kept her Sinless from the First Moment of her Conception. Help us by her Prayers, to Live in Your Presence without Sin. We ask this in the Name of Jesus the Lord.
R. Amen.

V. The Virgin Marys Immaculate Conception
R. Be our Health and our Protection.