Old Testament Commandments (Law )
Fulfilled/Elevated by
New Testament Beatitudes (Love )


Moses receives the Ten Commandments from Yahweh -
by ROSSELLI, Cosimo -
from Cappella Sistina, Vatican
(Click Image to Enlarge)


In the Ten Commandments it was Moses the Prophet who received the Decalogue from Yahweh. Remember the Thunder, the Lightening, the Celestial Phenomena put on by God to impress the Jewish people of what was happening on the Mountain between Moses and Yahweh.


Jesus delivers the Eight Beatitudes (Sermon on the Mount) -
by ROSSELLI, Cosimo -
from Cappella Sistina, Vatican
(Click Image to Enlarge)


The Beatitudes however were given by no Prophet. They were given by God Himself Who became Man. There was no human person as intermediary. It was God Himself Who gave us the Beatitudes. The Beatitudes were given to the Human Race which was about to be Redeemed by the Passion and Death of Christ.

 

Old Testament

New Testament

Book of
Exodus

Book of
Deuteronomy

The Sermon on the Mount -
Chapters 5-7 of Saint Matthew's Gospel

Chapter 20

Chapter 5

Chapter 5

Chapter 6

Chapter 7

The Ten Commandments embody the Revealed expression of the Creator's Will, written by the Finger of God on two Tablets of Stone, and are the ground-work of the Mosaic Law.

The Eight Beatitudes
You are the Salt of the Earth
You are the Light of the World
Your Light must shine . . . .
et al

Teaching About Prayer
The Our Father
Treasure in Heaven
Dependence on God
et al
The Golden Rule
The Narrow Gate
False Prophets
The True Disciple
et al
The Beatitudes and the Lord's Prayer are Divinely Revealed Manifestations of the Will of God. Like the Commandments, the Beatitudes are not an Option, They are a Divinely Ordained Obligation. Jesus suffered and died on the Cross to merit for us the Grace to live/mirror the Beatitudes, as He lived/mirrored them. For us to Reject that Copious Grace, invites Hell.

 

Old Testament Commandments (Law)
Fulfilled/Elevated by
New Testament Beatitudes (Love)

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Beatitudes: The New Testament 'Decalogue'

In the history of Christian Spirituality the Ten (10) Commandments have been regularly associated with the Eight (8) Beatitudes. Saints and Scholars have analyzed the Commandments in contrast with the Beatitudes. By now there are many learned and useful writings on the subject -- Volumes in fact.

Comparison (Similarities and Differences)

Ten Commandments -
(Old Testament)

Eight Beatitudes -
(New Testament)

Given to the Chosen People -
(Jewish People)

Given to the Chosen People -
(You and me)

Given by God/Divine Revelation -
(Yahweh)

Given by God/Divine Revelation -
(Jesus Christ)

Characterized by Law -
(Basis of the Law of Moses and the Prophets)

Characterized by Love -
(Jesus 'lived' the Beatitudes)

Joy comes from doing the Will of God

Joy comes from doing the Will of God

Human Race was not prepared for the Beatitudes when Moses first received the Decalogue on
Mount Sinai.

Beatitudes are powered by the Treasures of Heavenly Grace Merited by the Passion and Death of Jesus Christ

Directed to Human Beings, who could Sin -
Decalogue is the bare-minimum for Salvation.

Jesus, Who could not Sin, 'lived' the Beatitudes -
Beatitudes are the Ultimate means of Salvation.

Evangelical Precepts (Demands) -
Binding under the Pain of Sin

Evangelical Councils (Expectations) -
Self-imposed under the Impulse of Divine Grace

To be noted is that Christ gave the Beatitudes to His Own Disciples selectively. They in turn, having received the Beatitudes, were to teach them to others. This is exactly what Yahweh did on Mount Sinai. He chose Moses, the Leader of the Chosen People, who in-turn was to give the Tablets of the Law to the Jews.

By their Nature the Beatitudes are oriented toward Practice; They call for Imitation, They accentuate the Work of Man. There is the danger that we will become discouraged in experiencing an incapacity to put Them to Practice in our own lives, and by the great distance between the Ideal and the Practice. Consequently, Graces from the Holy Spirit are absolutely necessary for our living the Beatitudes as Jesus lived Them. These Graces are Copious, as depicted below. Copiosa apud eum Redemptio (With Him There is Copious Redemption - Psalm 130:7).


Necessary Graces are given to us by God's Holy Spirit,
to enable our Living and Suffering of His Divine Will for Mankind,
as Jesus Christ lived and revealed in the Beatitudes

Old Testament

New Testament

 

Powers of the Seven Sacraments
Merits of Jesus Christ
Sanctifying Graces
Actual Graces
Charity of God

Decalogue
(Ten Commandments)

Decalogue is a bare-minimum requirement for Salvation.


Decalogue was elevated by the Son of God, to Fully-Reflect God's Will. Jesus Christ lived the Beatitudes.

Beatitudes
(Powered by the Holy Spirit)
The Beatitudes were meant to be lived.
Be Perfect as your Heavenly Father is Perfect - Matthew 5:48

Notre Bene: The Treasury of Heavenly Graces merited by the Passion and Death of Jesus Christ was not yet available to Mankind during the Old Testament.


Seven Gifts of the Holy Spirit
Inspirations of the Holy Spirit
Fruits of the Holy Spirit
Infused Virtues



angel_01.gif (2832 bytes) Why not Celebrate the Ten Commandments?

angel_02.gif (2330 bytes) Discussion on the Ten Commandments

(by Theologian, Father William G. Most)

angel_01.gif (2832 bytes) The Beatitudes and the Cross

(by Archbishop Fulton J. Sheen)

angel_02.gif (2330 bytes) Happiness of the Soul, the Eight Beatitudes

(by Father Joseph J. Kleppner, S.T.L., PhD)

angel_01.gif (2832 bytes) The Beatitudes

(A Series of Seven (7) Web Pages by Father Reginald Martin, O.P.)

angel_02.gif (2330 bytes) The Beatitudes vs. the Commandments

(by Father John A. Hardon, S.J.)

angel_01.gif (2832 bytes) Beatitudes Elevate the Commandments

(by Father John A. Hardon, S.J.)

angel_02.gif (2330 bytes) Blessed are the Meek

(by Father Paul A. Duffner, O.P.)

angel_01.gif (2832 bytes) Blessed are the Clean of Heart

(by Father Paul A. Duffner, O.P.)

angel_02.gif (2330 bytes) The Lords Prayer

(Between the Beatitudes and the Lordís Prayer, we have a Synthesis
of all that Jesus wanted to Teach us in His Sermon-on-the-Mount,
 
by Father Paul A. Duffner, O.P.)

angel_01.gif (2832 bytes) The Our Father

(A Series of Seven (7) Web Pages by Father Reginald Martin, O.P.)

 

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The dynamic President of Gonzaga University, Father Robert Spitzer, S.J., Ph.D., enumerates the Five (5) Petitions contained within the Lordís Prayer as the Model Prayer form. He details the Beatitudes as means of mirroring/living-out the intentions of the Lord's Prayer; reveals the empathy Christians are to offer to those in need as followers of Christ attempting to love as He loves; and relates that Christians are to mirror the Merciful Heart of Christ, Who forgave and loved His enemies, performed Works of Mercy, promoted Peace and worked for Reconciliation among those divided by discord or error.

 

The Sermon on the Mount spans
Chapters 5-7 of Saint Matthew's Gospel

Chapter 5

Chapter 6

Chapter 7

The Eight Beatitudes
You are the Salt of the Earth
You are the Light of the World
Your Light must shine . . . .
et al

Teaching About Prayer
The Our Father
Treasure in Heaven
Dependence on God
et al
The Golden Rule
The Narrow Gate
False Prophets
The True Disciple
et al
Notre Bene: This long Sermon on the Mount, spanning Three (3) Chapters of Matthew's Gospel, is the First of Jesusí Sermons that we hear, and it stands as a Summary of nearly everything else Jesus will Preach. He will Amplify the Message with Parables and other Examples, but He will Never-Change the Message He Preaches here.

 

Audio Clips by Father Andrew Apostoli
on the Eight Beatitudes

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