The Apostles' Creed
- Part I -
I believe in God,
Creator of Heaven and Earth
by Father Reginald Martin, O.P.
I. I Believe
Knowledge and Study can take us quite far. At some point, though, our Hard Mental Work can take us no further, and our Judgment must
yield to something we can neither 'See' nor 'Understand'.
If we visit a Museum, we can analyze Brush Strokes, Composition, Colors, Perspective, and any number of Technical Features in a
Painting. Each of these helps explain why the Painting looks the way it does, but none of these qualities (or even all of them
together) explains why the Painting captures our Imagination, or why we think it a 'Masterpiece'.
Similarly, in our Spiritual Lives, we can look at the Created World and make some Valid Judgments
about a Creator (Summa Theologica, First Part, 12, 12).
But knowing that a Creator exists is different from knowing what the
Creator is like. That Understanding, like the Awe we experience in the presence of Great Art, comes from outside us. We call this
Understanding Faith, and we receive it as a Grace.
The Letter to the Hebrews tells us (Hebrews 11:1) that "Now Faith is the substance of things to be
hoped for, the evidence of things that appear not". This means that we choose to Believe what we do not Know, or
do not Know fully (Summa Theologica II-II. 2, 1).
II. I Believe in God
Belief does not exist Independently of an Object. This means we do not simply Believe, we Believe in something.
Faith is Belief in the Truths revealed by
God (Summa Theologica II-II. 6, 1), and Saint Thomas tells us
Faith confers Four (4) Benefits:
Union with God,
Help in Time of Temptation,
Guidance in this Life,
and an Introduction to Eternal Life.
Union with God
Faith unites us with God in a number of ways, and we may see a
Correspondence between our Life of Faith and the Growth in Love we
experience in our families. When we were young we learned to Obey because we discovered that we would be
Punished if we did not. Later, we discovered that Spankings and
"time out" in the corner were less Painful than the Realization
that we had Disappointed our Parents by Misbehaving.
The same is True in our Spiritual Lives. At its most basic level, Faith
reveals the Punishment that befalls those who Disobey
God. As our Life in Faith increases, we realize that a Worse Punishment
is Separation-from Him that results from our Disobedience.
But, Faith Purifies our Hearts (Acts 15:9), and as we Mature,
our Fear of God yields to Love
(Summa Theologica II-II. 7, 2). Marriage, in which a Man and a Woman live
(and Love) so intimately that they become "One Flesh" provides a
Good Analogy for the Union of the Mature Soul and
God. Indeed, God Himself uses the Image of Marriage to describe
His Covenant with His People. He tells the Prophet Hosea,
"I will Espouse you to Myself in Love" (Hosea 2:20).
A Remedy Against Temptation
We identify the World, the Flesh and the
Devil as Sources of Temptation. Faith enables us to withstand the
Blandishments of all Three (3). When
Jesus faced Satan after His Forty
(40)-day Fast, the Devil offered Our
Savior the Wealth of the Nations if He would fall-down in Worship.
Jesus Scorned the offer by reminding the Devil that we are Commanded to Worship
God, and God alone. Faith
reminds us of this Commandment and Strengthens us to follow the Example of Christ.
We do not have to look far to discover the Allurements of the Flesh. Advertisers use
'Skin' to sell everything from Soft Drinks to Laundry Detergent. The Virtue of Justice reminds us
that we owe one another more than a Lascivious Glance; Faith Purifies our
Motives and Enables us to see in our Relations with one another, here and now, a sign of the Eternal Happiness
we look forward to in Heaven.
Likewise, Faith teaches us that there is a Life after the one we enjoy on Earth, and a better one. The
Beatitudes call us to a Poverty of Spirit by which we look beyond the
Material Goods of this World. Faith fulfills this Vision by helping us
resist the Attraction of Prosperity and the Fear of Adversity.
A Present Guide
Left to our own devices, we could discover how to live well by Trial and
Error. However, as anyone knows who has acquired a Skill on his own, Experience is neither the Speediest nor the Friendliest of
Teachers. Saint Thomas tells us that Faith offers a shortcut to Growth in
Virtue. "... the things to which Faith assents ... include not only God, but many other things ... as
bearing some relation to God" (Summa Theologica II-II. 1, 1).
Thus, we need not ponder every Truth exhaustively before we assent to it. Knowing that something is revealed
by God suffices to elicit our Faith.
One of the Prophets said, "The Just shall live in His Faith" (Habakkuk 2:4), and
Saint Thomas illustrates this with a charming example. In his Lenten Sermon the Angelic Doctor preached:
This is also shown from the fact that before the coming of Christ none of the Philosophers was able, however great
his effort, to know as much about God or the means necessary for obtaining Eternal Life, as any old woman knows by Faith since Christ came
down upon the Earth.
An Introduction to Eternal Life
Saint Thomas tells us that we look forward to Two (2) Things in
Heaven: "... the Secret of the Godhead, to see which is to possess happiness; and the Mystery of
Christ's Incarnation" (Summa Theologica II-II, 1, 8).
When Jesus Prayed for His Disciples after the Last Supper
He said, "This is Eternal Life: that they may know You... and Jesus Christ
Whom You have sent" (John 17:3). Faith reveals the
Truth about God: that there is but One (1)
God, that there is a Trinity of Persons in this
God, and that God Works in diverse-ways in the World. These Works include the
Truths of Nature, the Sanctification of the Human Race, and the
Resurrection of the Dead.
Faith also reveals the Truths of
Jesus' Conception, Virginal Birth, Death,
Resurrection, and eventual Return as our Judge. We will
comprehend the Magnitude of these Truths in Heaven, but
Faith presents them for our (admittedly limited) consideration even now.
Thus, although we cannot Hope to know God fully, until we know
Him in Heaven, Faith brings us Knowledge of
Him even now, and this Knowledge is an opportunity for us to enjoy on Earth a small part of the
Glory we look forward to enjoying Fully after we Die.
What is more, the Knowledge we have of God by Faith, here and
now, is essential to our knowing Him in the future. Saint Thomas warned, "...
no man can obtain the Happiness of Heaven, which is the True Knowledge of God, unless he knows Him first by
We may be Tempted to imagine that our Life in Heaven will be an Unending Enjoyment of the things
that give meaning to our Life on Earth. However, we are probably Wiser to Believe that the Blessings
of Heaven provide the Pattern for the things that Delight us here.
III. Creator of Heaven and Earth
In his Sermon on the Creed, Saint Thomas says:
Suppose a man entering a house were to feel heat on the porch, and on going further, were to feel the heat
increasing, the more he penetrated within. Doubtless, he would believe there was a fire in the house, even though he did not see the
fire that must be causing all this heat.
Saint Thomas invites us to look about the World and apply to our Spiritual Lives the Examples
we draw from Nature, including (like the man who deduced a fire from the heat he felt on approaching a building) our Capacity to look at
Effects and infer their Causes. The Earth is filled with Wonders, but the Heavens are more Beautiful and Noble than the Earth.
This, he argues, is because they are closer to their Maker. We are not Obliged to share
Saint Thomas' Aesthetic Opinions, but simple observation will argue that the Multitudes of Ordered Systems we can see
around us make a Powerful Case for the existence of an Orderly Creator.
The more we investigate and study something - anything - the more we stand in Awe of its Unique Complexity. From Soap Bubbles, which
teach a great deal about the Surface Tension of Water, to Nuclear Fission, the World is a Textbook that proclaims the
Infinite (∞) Wisdom and
Imagination of God.
Here Saint Thomas reminds us of the Distinction between 'Making' something and 'Creating' it. Human hands control only the form
things take, because humans can make nothing except from Matter that already exists. To acknowledge
God as "Creator of Heaven and Earth" is to acknowledge that
God not only determines the Forms things take, but creates the Matter
(E=MC2) from which they are formed.
Benefits of this Belief: Knowledge of God's Majesty
When we studied Geometry we learned that the Whole is equal to the sum of its Parts and greater than any of them.
God is Infinitely (∞) more than all of Creation
put together, but we can nonetheless apply this Principle to our Faith. When we
Profess our Faith in God as Creator,
we acknowledge that He is greater than anything He has made.
An Invitation to Gratitude
The Awe we feel as we consider the endless variety in Creation comes as no surprise. However, what might be less obvious, is to consider
that Awe ought to lead-to Gratitude. As we investigate Nature, we realize that we are part of God's
Creation. So is everything we Use and Enjoy in this World. Saint Paul asks, "What do you have that you have
not received?" (1Corinthians 4:7) and this Counsels us to offer Thanks for whatever
Patience in Adversity
Odd as this may sound, acknowledging God as Creator also
encourages us to be Patient in the face of Trial. Whatever comes
from God is Good, as far as its Nature goes. We may balk at
Hardship, Pain and Disease,
but Human Parents know that they occasionally must Discipline their children - even to the point of
causing Pain - for their own Good. Insofar as a Hardship is
God's Creature, it serves the same end, although its value may be just as hard for us to Discern as
the Punishment a child cannot comprehend when he receives it.
Wise Use of Creation
When we acknowledge God as Creator, we learn to use properly
the Gifts God gives us. This is because
God created Nature for Two (2) Reasons: for His own
Glory, and for our Profit. We have the use of Creation, but we must never forget that
Creation is God's. We do ourselves no Service, nor do we give
God any Tribute, if we Misuse
His Gifts. These Gifts include our Planet, of course, but also our
Minds and Bodies. Saint Thomas warns, "... Whatever
you have, be it Knowledge or Beauty, you must refer all and use all for the Glory of God".
Acknowledgement of Human Dignity
None of us was very old when we learned we must treat others the way we would like them to treat us; Justice
demands no less. But as we grow in Grace we learn that the reason underlying the Golden Rule
is our Belief in God as Creator. The Book of Genesis teaches
us that God made us to look like Him. "Let
Us make Man to Our Own image and likeness" (Genesis 1:26), He said.
God said this of no other part of Creation, and if we are willing to rejoice in the
Gift of seeing God in ourselves, we must learn to see Him in
others, too. Saint Thomas warned:
We must, therefore, realize that after the Angels, Man excels all other creatures, and that in no way must
we forfeit our Dignity on account of Sin or for the sake of an Inordinate Desire for Corporeal Things which are beneath us....
If we are Forbidden to Sin by stooping to Misuse the Good Things
that resemble God less than we do, how much more careful must we be in our Relations with one another,
who share the same Reflection of God that is our Glory?
The Apostle's Creed
I believe in God the Father Almighty, Creator of Heaven and Earth,
and in Jesus Christ, His only Son, our Lord
Who was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary,
suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died, and was buried.
He descended into Hell; the third day He arose again from the dead;
He ascended into Heaven and is seated at the right hand of God the Father Almighty,
from thence He shall come to judge the living and the dead.
I believe in the Holy Spirit,
the Holy Catholic Church,
the Communion of Saints and the Forgiveness of sins,
the Resurrection of the body, and life everlasting.