The Twelve Apostles

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The Last Supper - by CRESPI, Daniele - from Pinacoteca di Brera, Milan

 

crucifixion3.jpg (1600 bytes) The word "Apostle" derives from the Greek Apostello, "to send forth" or "to dispatch". The name Apostle denotes principally one of the Twelve Disciples who, on a Solemn Occasion, were called by Christ to a Special Mission. In the Gospels, however, those Disciples are often designated by the expressions of Mathetai (the Disciples) or Dodeka (the Twelve) and, after the Treason and Death of Judas, even of Hendeka (the Eleven).

All of the Apostles, except Saint John, were in hiding during the Crucifixion of Our Lord, and all were allowed by God to Redeem themselves by Drinking from the Same Cup as Jesus, later in their lives. Saint John, who did not abandon Jesus at Calvary, died of old age, although he is considered a Martyr. Two of the Apostles, John and Matthew, were also Evangelists who wrote the Fourth and First Gospels, respectively. The Table below synopsizes various aspects of the Twelve Apostles, and links to pages commerating their individual Feast Days.

 

The Twelve Apostles

from various sources

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Saint Peter A Galilean fisherman, the Chief Shepherd of Christ's Flock, was chosen by Him to be the Prince of the Apostles, and the Rock upon which He was to build His Indestructible Church. Symbol: Crossed Keys, Silver and Gold keys signify Saint Peter's Divinely-given Power of Binding and Loosing.
Feast: June 29th
Crucified, head down by Nero

 

Saint Andrew A follower at first of John the Baptist, then of Christ. Brother of Saint Peter, he Preached the Gospel in Asia Minor and then in Greece, where he was Crucified. Symbol: Transverse Cross, on which he was Crucified.
Feast: November 30th
Crucified

 

Saint John The Apostle Jesus particularly loved, because of his great Innocence and Purity. It was to the Care of this Apostle that the Crucified Christ Entrusted His Blessed Mother. He was also One (1) of the Four (4) Evangelists and the younger brother of Saint James. Symbol: Chalice, an allusion to Christ's Words concerning Saint John: "Of My Cup you shall indeed drink".
Feast: December 27th
Died of old age

 

Saint Philip A Galilean, is remembered for telling Nathanael that he had found the Messiah, and for taking him to Christ. His Preaching took him to Phyrgia, where he Suffered Martyrdom. Symbol: Latin Cross, Saint Philip is pictured carrying the Cross of Christ, which was the Theme of his Preaching
Feast: May 3rd
Crucified

 

Saint Bartholomew Believed to be the Nathanael whose Innocence and Simplicity won High Praise from the Lips of Christ when Philip brought him to our Lord. He Suffered and Died in Armenia. Symbol: Knife, the Instrument which was used to Flay him alive.
Feast: August 24th
Flayed alive

 

Saint Thomas Famous for his refusal to believe that Christ had Risen until he touched the Wounds of His Hands and Side. Saint Thomas is said to have Evangelized parts of Persia and India. Symbol: Builder's Square, from an ancient story that Saint Thomas built a Palace for King Guduphara in India.
Feast: July 3rd
Pierced with Lance

 

Saint Matthew Was a wealthy Tax Collector of Capharnaum when he was called to follow Christ. The First Gospel was written by him. He Preached in Ethiopia, where he died a Martyr's Death. Symbol: Ax, the Instrument of his Beheading.
Feast: September 21
Beheaded

 

Saint James the Less Was the Brother of of Saint Jude and a Cousin of Jesus. While serving as Jerusalem's First Bishop, he was Arrested by the Jews and Killed by being hurled down from the Temple Roof. Symbol: Fuller's Club with which he was Beaten after being thrown from the Temple Roof.
Feast: May 3rd
Clubbed to Death

 

Saint Jude A Brother of Saint James the Less and a Cousin of Jesus. Wrote an Epistle of the New Testament. Patron Saint of "Hopeless" Situations. Symbol: Halberd, this long-handled and Ax-like Weapon was used by the Persian Executioners of Saint Jude.
Feast: October 28th
Axed to Death

 

Saint Simon The Brother of James and Jude, is surnamed the Zealot. He and Saint Jude are said to have Preached in Egypt and Persia, and to have Suffered Martrydom for the Faith in Mesopotamia. Symbol: Saw, he was Martyred by being sawed into pieces.
Feast: October 28th
Sawed into pieces

 

Saint Matthias Followed Jesus from John's Baptism to the Ascension, was chosen to take the place of Judas among the Apostles. Little is known with certainty of his Life and Martrydom. Symbol: Lance, the Weapon of his Martyrdom in Southern Asia.
Feast: May 14th
Pierced with Lance

 

Saint James the
Greater
Saint James was the older brother of Saint John the Evangelist. Together they were known as the Sons of Zebedee. James is called James the Greater because another younger Apostle was named James, also. James is the Patron Saint of Hatmakers, Rheumatoid Sufferers, and Laborers.
Feast: July 25th
Beheaded