Basic Teachings of Christ
by Theologian Father William G. Most
Besides the Teaching on Himself, Jesus
also Taught very Basic Things, especially that He was sent to Establish the
Kingdom of God.
He surely did Promise to Found a Church,
giving the Keys to Peter in Matthew 16:18-19. He very
explicitly established Baptism as the Means of Entrance into the
Church and Forgiveness of
Sins (Matthew 28:18-20). He Promised the
Eucharist in John 6, and gave it at the Last Supper.
And by telling the Apostles: Do this in memory of Me,
He made them Priests (DS 1752). He Established the
Sacrament of Penance in John 20:22 (defined in DS 1703). We know that
He also Established the other Sacraments too: DS 1601.
He gave the Apostles the Commission to Teach in His
Name, and Promised God's Protection for that Teaching especially in
Luke 10:16. He likewise gave them the Power to give Commands in
His Name, to Bind and to Loose.
He also Taught that He came to give
His Life as a Ransom for Many
(the "many" reflects Hebrew rabbim
and so means all), to Redeem the World, e. g,
Matthew 20:28; Mark 10:45. He was aware of
His Future Suffering and Mission from the
First Instant of His Conception. As Pius XII
taught in the Encyclical on the Mystical Body (DS 3812)
He Knew and Loved each Member of
His Mystical Body from the First Instant of
His Conception, thanks to the Vision of God
which His Human Soul had from the Beginning.
He Offered the Sacrifice of
His Life at the Last Supper. The Outward
Sign then was the Seeming Separation of
His Body and Blood, followed on the Next Day by the Actual
Separation of Body and
Blood. This Outward Sign expressed the Interior Disposition of
Obedience to the Father: cf.
Romans 5:19 and Lumen Gentium 3.
He was the Priest of this
Sacrifice. He Himself did not use that word of
Himself, but the Church later, guided by the
Holy Spirit, saw it, and expressed it at length in the Epistle to the Hebrews.
He declared His Absolute Power as
King of the Universe in Matthew 28:18-19: "All
Power is given to Me in Heaven and on Earth". Thus Romans 1:4 says
He was constituted Son-of-God-in-Power at His
Resurrection. As God, He always
had all Power; as Man, He had
Emptied Himself, taking the Form of a
Slave; Philippians 2:7.
His Resurrection and Ascension were the
Glorification of which Saint Paul speaks in Philippians
2:9-11: "For this reason God also Exalted Him and gave to Him the name that is above every name, so that
at the name of Jesus every knee should bend, of those in Heaven, on the Earth, and under the Earth, and every tongue confess that Jesus
is Lord, for the Glory of God the Father".
His Resurrection and Ascension were
not the Same Event, as some today like to claim. If so, all the Appearances to the Apostles and others
before the Ascension would be False.
"Dying He destroyed our Death, Rising He Restored our Life". By
His Resurrection He taught both the Fact and the Mode of our
Resurrection, as Saint Paul insists in 1Corinthians 15:13-23, since
He is the First-Fruits, and He
is the Head of the Mystical Body of which we are Members.
By His Appearances after the Resurrection,
He Taught what our Resurrection is to
be like. We are Saved and made Holy if and to
the extent we are Members of Christ and like
Him. The more we are like Him in
Suffering and Death, the more like
Him in Glory.
He took Pains to teach us Two (2)
facts about the Risen Body. On the One
hand, it was Real Flesh; He
allowed them to Touch Him, and
He even Ate with them, though He
needed no-food (Romans 8:21 explains that at the End we will be Freed from Slavery
to Corruption). He also Taught that the
Risen Body is Completely Dominated by the
Spirit, the Soul, so that He
could come in to the Apostles in spite of the 'Locked Door'. He did not even open
it by a Miracle, just ignored it. So Saint Paul speaks of the
Risen Bodies as Spiritual
(1Corinthians 15:44) not meaning they are not Flesh, but
Flesh Totally Subject of the Spirit, as
His was and is.
Christ's Appearance Behind Locked Doors - by DUCCIO di Buoninsegna - from Museo dell'Opera del Duomo, Siena
|Christ's Risen Body passes through the Locked Door of the Upper Room in which the Faithful
Apostles (minus Doubting Thomas) were hiding (For fear of the Jews), after Jesus' Crucifixion and Death .