Basic Teachings of Christ

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Christ Teaching the Faithful Eleven Apostles - by DUCCIO di Buoninsegna - from Museo dell'Opera del Duomo, Siena

 

Twenty Centuries have come and gone since His Thirty-Three Years on Earth, and today He is the Central Figure of the Human Race, ...the Leader of Mankind's Progress. All the Armies that ever marched, all the Navies that ever sailed, all the Parliaments that ever sat, all the Kings that ever reigned, put together, have not affected the Life of Man on Earth as much as One Solitary Life.

 

Basic Teachings of Christ

by Theologian Father William G. Most

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Besides the Teaching on Himself, Jesus also Taught very Basic Things, especially that He was sent to Establish the Kingdom of God.

He surely did Promise to Found a Church, giving the Keys to Peter in Matthew 16:18-19. He very explicitly established Baptism as the Means of Entrance into the Church and Forgiveness of Sins (Matthew 28:18-20). He Promised the Eucharist in John 6, and gave it at the Last Supper. And by telling the Apostles: Do this in memory of Me, He made them Priests (DS 1752). He Established the Sacrament of Penance in John 20:22 (defined in DS 1703). We know that He also Established the other Sacraments too: DS 1601. He gave the Apostles the Commission to Teach in His Name, and Promised God's Protection for that Teaching especially in Luke 10:16. He likewise gave them the Power to give Commands in His Name, to Bind and to Loose.

He also Taught that He came to give His Life as a Ransom for Many (the "many" reflects Hebrew rabbim and so means all), to Redeem the World, e. g, Matthew 20:28; Mark 10:45. He was aware of His Future Suffering and Mission from the First Instant of His Conception. As Pius XII taught in the Encyclical on the Mystical Body (DS 3812) He Knew and Loved each Member of His Mystical Body from the First Instant of His Conception, thanks to the Vision of God which His Human Soul had from the Beginning.

He Offered the Sacrifice of His Life at the Last Supper. The Outward Sign then was the Seeming Separation of His Body and Blood, followed on the Next Day by the Actual Separation of Body and Blood. This Outward Sign expressed the Interior Disposition of Obedience to the Father: cf. Romans 5:19 and Lumen Gentium 3. He was the Priest of this Sacrifice. He Himself did not use that word of Himself, but the Church later, guided by the Holy Spirit, saw it, and expressed it at length in the Epistle to the Hebrews.

He declared His Absolute Power as King of the Universe in Matthew 28:18-19: "All Power is given to Me in Heaven and on Earth". Thus Romans 1:4 says He was constituted Son-of-God-in-Power at His Resurrection. As God, He always had all Power; as Man, He had Emptied Himself, taking the Form of a Slave; Philippians 2:7.

His Resurrection and Ascension were the Glorification of which Saint Paul speaks in Philippians 2:9-11: "For this reason God also Exalted Him and gave to Him the name that is above every name, so that at the name of Jesus every knee should bend, of those in Heaven, on the Earth, and under the Earth, and every tongue confess that Jesus is Lord, for the Glory of God the Father".

His Resurrection and Ascension were not the Same Event, as some today like to claim. If so, all the Appearances to the Apostles and others before the Ascension would be False.

"Dying He destroyed our Death, Rising He Restored our Life". By His Resurrection He taught both the Fact and the Mode of our Resurrection, as Saint Paul insists in 1Corinthians 15:13-23, since He is the First-Fruits, and He is the Head of the Mystical Body of which we are Members.

 

 

By His Appearances after the Resurrection, He Taught what our Resurrection is to be like. We are Saved and made Holy if and to the extent we are Members of Christ and like Him. The more we are like Him in Suffering and Death, the more like Him in Glory. He took Pains to teach us Two (2) facts about the Risen Body. On the One hand, it was Real Flesh; He allowed them to Touch Him, and He even Ate with them, though He needed no-food (Romans 8:21 explains that at the End we will be Freed from Slavery to Corruption). He also Taught that the Risen Body is Completely Dominated by the Spirit, the Soul, so that He could come in to the Apostles in spite of the 'Locked Door'. He did not even open it by a Miracle, just ignored it. So Saint Paul speaks of the Risen Bodies as Spiritual (1Corinthians 15:44) not meaning they are not Flesh, but Flesh Totally Subject of the Spirit, as His was and is.


Christ's Appearance Behind Locked Doors - by DUCCIO di Buoninsegna - from Museo dell'Opera del Duomo, Siena

Christ's Risen Body passes through the Locked Door of the Upper Room in which the Faithful Apostles (minus Doubting Thomas) were hiding (For fear of the Jews), after Jesus' Crucifixion and Death .