(A Unity (1) of
Body and Soul)
from various sources
Definition of Passion
(Latin: passio, a Suffering, an Affection)
A Desire or Emotion in which excitement reaches an
Intense Degree. The Passions are Movements or Tendencies of the Sensitive
Appetite toward a Sense Good or away-from a
Sense Evil. The Sensitive Appetite
tends toward the Good of the individual Animal Life or the Life of the Species. The
Passions therefore are of the Sensitive or Animal Order and are
found in the Animal as well as in Man. Emotions in Man, such as Surprise or Laughter, that are
not concerned with Good or Evil, are not
Passions. Again such Tendencies in Man as are not concerned with the
Good or Evil of Sense, but with
Intellectual or Spiritual Good or
Evil, e.g., Desire of Learning, Love of Virtue, are not in the strict sense of the word
Passions. The Good and Evil that are the Objects of
Passion are the Good and Evil
of Sense, and commonly as presented by the Imagination. This fact
shows that the Passions are fed by the Imagination, and that the
Control of the Passions must begin with its control. The
Passions in themselves are Non-Moral. Only in so far as they are Subject to the Will do
they come under the Moral Law. When regulated by Reason and
Subjected to Right Control of the Will, the Passions can be
considered Good and used in the Practice and Acquisition of Virtue.
Love and Hatred as General Tendencies toward
Good and Evil are the Generic
Passions. Under them come Desire and Aversion,
Joy and Sorrow, Hope
and Despair, Courage and Fear,
and Anger (Envy/Lust).
New Catholic Dictionary
The Devil knows how to exploit our
Bodily Instincts and Passions, the
Weakness of our Flesh and our Pride. A
Demonic Temptation generally affects the Psychosomatic Powers;
viz., the Imagination, Memory, and
Sensitive Appetite, which are important for Using and Controlling our Emotions. By
Tempting these Powers, Demons
disturb the Sensitive Appetite and indirectly affect the
Intellect and Will.
Life of the Senses
Life of the Mind
Passions are Natural Components of the Human Psyche; they form the
Passageway and ensure the connection between the Life of the Senses
and the Life of the Mind.
Passions = Feelings = Emotions
= Movements of the Sensitive Appetite
from the Catechism of the Catholic Church
1762 The Human Person is Ordered to Beatitude
by his deliberate Acts: the Passions or Feelings
he experiences can dispose him to it and contribute to it.
1763 The term "Passions" belongs to the
Christian Patrimony. Feelings or Passions are
Emotions or Movements of the Sensitive Appetite
that incline us to act or not to act in regard to something
Felt or Imagined to be
Good or Evil.
1764 The Passions are Natural Components
of the Human Psyche; they form the Passageway and ensure the Connection between the Life of the
Senses and the Life of the Mind. Our
Lord called Man's Heart the Source from which the
1765 There are many Passions. The most
fundamental Passion is Love, aroused by the
Attraction of the Good. Love causes a Desire
for the Absent Good and the Hope of obtaining it;
this Movement finds completion in the Pleasure and
Joy of the Good possessed. The Apprehension of
Evil causes Hatred,
Aversion, and Fear of the impending
Evil; this Movement ends in Sadness at some
present Evil, or in the Anger that resists it.
1766 "To Love is to Will the Good of another".
All other Affections have their source in this First Movement of the Human
Heart toward the Good. Only the
Good can be Loved.
Passions "are Evil if Love is Evil and Good if it is
II. Passions and Moral Life
1767 In themselves, Passions are
neither Good nor Evil. They are
Morally Qualified only to the extent that they Effectively-Engage Reason and
Will. Passions are said to be Voluntary,
"either because they are commanded by the Will or because the Will does not place obstacles in their
way". It belongs to the Perfection of the Moral or Human Good that the
Passions be Governed by Reason.
1768 Strong Feelings are not
Decisive for the Morality or the Holiness
of Persons; they are simply the Inexhaustible Reservoir of Images and Affections in which the Moral Life
is expressed. Passions are Morally Good
when they contribute to a Good Action, Evil
in the opposite case. The Upright Will Orders the Movements of the
Senses it Appropriates to the Good and to
Beatitude; an Evil
Will Succumbs to Disordered
Passions and Exacerbates them.
Emotions and Feelings can be Taken Up into
the Virtues or Perverted by the
1769 In the Christian Life, the
Holy Spirit Himself accomplishes His Work by
mobilizing the Whole Being, with all its Sorrows,
Fears and Sadness, as is visible in the
Lord's Agony and Passion. In
Christ, Human Feelings are able to reach
their Consummation in Charity and Divine Beatitude.
1770 Moral Perfection consists in Man's being moved to the
Good not by his Will alone, but
also by his Sensitive Appetite, as in the words of the Psalm:
"My Heart and Flesh sing for Joy to the living God".
1771 The term "Passions" refers to the
Affections or the Feelings. By his
Emotions Man Intuits the Good and Suspects
1772 The Principal Passions
are Love and Hatred, Desire and Fear, Joy, Sadness, and Anger.
1773 In the Passions, as Movements of the
Sensitive Appetite, there is neither Moral Good
nor Evil. But insofar as they engage Reason
and Will, there is Moral
Good or Evil in them.
1774 Emotions and
Feelings can be Taken-Up in the Virtues or
Perverted by the Vices.
1775 The Perfection of the
Moral Good consists in Man's being moved to the
Good not only by his Will, but also by his